By Norman Lieberman, Elizabeth Lieberman
The most up-to-date tools for troubleshooting and holding technique equipment
Applicable to a extensive variety of technicians and industries and completely up-to-date all through, A operating consultant to approach Equipment, Fourth variation, explains find out how to diagnose, troubleshoot, and proper issues of chemical and petroleum refining technique apparatus. 9 new chapters conceal:
- Tray layout information
- Shell-and-tube warmth exchanger layout information
- Relief valve procedure layout
- Vapor lock and exchanger flooding in steam structures
- Steam iteration working and layout info
- Wastewater strippers
- Thermodynamics -- the way it applies to strategy gear
- Centrifugal pumps -- decreasing seal and bearing disasters
- Hand calculations for distillation towers
- Vapor -- liquid equilibrium, absorption, and stripping calculations
Filled with examples and illustrations, this sensible source demonstrates how concept applies to fixing real-world plant operation difficulties. chosen hand calculation equipment also are provided.
Comprehensive assurance includes:
Distillation Tower Trays * Tower strain regulate * Distillation Towers * Reboilers * Tower Internals * tools * Packed Towers * Steam and Condensate platforms * Bubble aspect and Dew aspect * Steam Strippers * Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics * Pumparounds and Tower warmth Flows * Condensers and Tower strain keep watch over * Air Coolers * Deaerators and Steam platforms * Steam iteration * Wastewater Strippers * Vacuum platforms * Steam generators * floor Condensers * Shell-and-Tube warmth Exchangers * Fired warmers * Refrigeration structures * Cooling Water platforms * Catalytic results * Centrifugal Pumps * regulate Valves * Separators * Centrifugal Compressors and Surge * Reciprocating Compressors * Corrosion * Fluid circulate in Pipes * Super-Fractionation level * laptop regulate * box Troubleshooting
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Additional resources for A Working Guide to Process Equipment
Every Saturday I run for 6 miles along the levee bordering the Mississippi River in New Orleans. Huge sand hills lie between the levee and the river. The sand has been dredged from the river bed by the Army Corps of Engineers. The Corps uses 30-inch diameter flexible hoses to suck the sand from the river bed. Maybe the concept of “sand sucking” is not the most elegant terminology? To be precise, a barge floating on the river, equipped with an air compressor, discharges air to the bottom of the 30-inch hose, 140 ft below the surface.
This process will continue until all the tray decks and downcomers above downcomer B are flooded. On the other hand, all trays in a tower below downcomer B will lose liquid levels and dry out when flooding starts in downcomer B. Thus, the following rules apply: • When flooding starts on a tray, all the trays above that point will also flood, but trays below that point will go dry. • An early indication of flooding in a distillation column is loss of liquid level in the bottom of the column. • If the downcomer clearance—which means the distance between the bottom edge of the downcomer and the tray below—is too great, the downcomer becomes unsealed.
Otherwise, the first time we have used a new technical term, we have tried to show the term in italics, which is then defined at the back of the text in the Glossary. A lot of my problems as a young engineer were a result of my not being able to understand the vocabulary used in the process and refining industry. We have tried to address this problem in the Glossary and in Chap. 2. indd 12 12/04/14 2:23 PM CHAPTER 2 Basic Terms and Conditions W hen I reported to work at Amoco’s Whiting Refinery in 1965, the plant operators and my fellow engineers assumed that I understood a wide range of terms that actually had little meaning to me.