By Roger Daniels
"Once i assumed to put in writing a background of the immigrants in the USA. Then i found that the immigrants were American history," wrote historian Oscar Handlin. Immigrants and generations in their descendants have outlined the yankee kingdom from its starting and proceed to supply America's attribute variety, representing essentially each race, nationality, faith, and ethnic workforce world wide. a few immigrants got here to the recent international looking for financial achieve. Others have been introduced in chains. nonetheless others chanced on safe haven in the United States from non secular or ethnic persecution.
This single-volume encyclopedia comprises greater than three hundred entries, masking a number of features of immigration heritage and policy:
* ethnic teams, together with census and immigration facts, significant classes of immigration and components of payment, essential faith, and old background
* key immigration laws, corresponding to the chinese language Exclusion Act, Immigration Act of 1990, and Refugee Act of 1980
* phrases and ideas, together with eco-friendly card, quota approach, citizen, naturalization, photograph brides, and nativism
* different types of immigrants, together with refugees, indentured servants, little ones, and exiles
* immigration stations: Angel Island, fort backyard, and Ellis Island * non secular teams and church buildings, akin to Amish, Huguenots, Muslims, and japanese ceremony churches
* extra interpreting lists and cross-references stick to every one entry
An introductory essay presents a cogent review of the complete scope of the booklet. greater than one hundred fifty pictures and illustrations supplement the entries. Statistical bins complement the articles with key info. a listing of immigration, ethnic, and refugee agencies; a consultant to additional learn that comes with books, museums, and internet sites; and an in depth chronology finish this helpful source for study in American heritage, ethnic and multicultural reviews, and genealogy.
Oxford's scholar partners to American background are state of the art references for faculty and residential, particularly designed and written for a long time 12 via grownup. each one publication is a concise yet complete A-to-Z consultant to an important historic interval or subject in U.S. historical past, with articles on key concerns and in demand members. The authors--distinguished students famous of their components of expertise--ensure that the entries are actual, up to date, and available. precise good points contain an introductory part on find out how to use the e-book, additional analyzing lists, cross-references, chronology, and entire index.
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Extra info for American Immigration: A Student Companion (Oxford Student Companions to American History)
The worst instances were in Jersey City, New Jersey, in the late 1980s where Indian men and women were regularly harassed on the street. One young man, an executive of a New York City bank, was beaten so badly by a group of youths that he died in the hospital. Most of those committing violent act seem to have been young, native-born, lower-class whites who resented the obvious economic success of many Indians who seemed to them to be taking over what they regarded as "their" neighborhood. Despite these and other setbacks, Asian Indians as a group seem to be doing well.
The detention barracks were declared a National Historic Landmark in 1997. SEE ALSO Chinese Exclusion Acts; Ellis Island; Paper sons FURTHER READING Daniels, Roger. " Journal of American Ethnic History 17 (Fall 1997): 4-18. Lai, Him Mark, Genny Lim, and Judy Yung. Island: Poetry and History of Chinese Immigrants on Angel Island, 1910-40. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1991. 32 • A N G L O Anglo ungrateful dogs. One stanza went: The prefix Anglo- has generally meant English or English language.
Barbados was a British colony until 1966, when it became independent. Its linkages to the United States stretch back to the 17th century. The first immigrants from Barbados were white settlers, some of them former indentured servants, who were displaced by African slaves brought to Barbados in vast numbers for its booming sugar industry after 1650. Almost as many African slaves were brought to the tiny island as to all of British North America, what is now the United States. Later in the colonial period some Barbarian slave owners immigrated to the Carolinas, where they purchased plantations and made other investments.