By Claire Turenne Sjolander
This paintings adopts the basis that the metatheoretical debates approximately positivists and post-positivists have reached an deadlock; it means that an process pushed through theoretical reflexivity bargains a foundation on which replacement understandings of diplomacy will be built.
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Extra resources for Beyond Positivism: Critical Reflections on International Relations
Women's subordination, then, cannot be explained solely in terms of the demands of the production system or those of a determinate mode of production. Â < previous page < previous page page_145 page_146 next page > next page > Page 146 Gender and Critical International Relations Critical international relations theories, critical theory, and post-modernism (see Chapter 2 by Neufeld; see also Renagger and Hoffman, 1992) appear to offer the most fertile ground for a feminist international relations project.
Although the historical materialist method has enabled Marxist feminists to account for the diversity of women's experiences as they are 38 39 differentiated by social class and a nation's place in the international political economy, Marxist feminists have as yet to integrate a theoretical understanding of how "race" and ethnicity differentiate women's relations to production and reproduction, as well as divide them politically (Carby, 1982; Davis, 1981; hooks, 1986; Amina, 1984; Bhavnani and Coulson, 1984).
Thus, feminist theorizing that replaces generic man with generic woman privileges the experiences of white, Western, middle-class, heterosexual women, and thereby denies the diversity of women's experiences and the contradictions among women that arise from the multiple cleavages that divide them. Â < previous page < previous page page_148 page_149 next page > next page > Page 149 A critical feminist international relations project, then, builds upon a common opposition to gender oppression but also confronts the contradictions and complexities of power relations among women "involving the intersection of gender, class, race and imperialism, where white women may simultaneously be privileged and oppressed" (Stasiulis, 1990:283).