By James B. Palais
Seventeenth-century Korea was once a rustic in crisis―successive invasions by way of Hideyoshi and the Manchus had rocked the Chosòn dynasty (1392-1910), which already used to be weakened through maladministration, internecine bureaucratic factionalism, unfair taxation, focus of wealth, army difficulties, and different ills. Yu Hyòngwòn (1622–1673, pen identify, Pan’gye), a recluse student, spoke back to this time of chaos and uncertainty via writing his modestly titled Pan’gye surok (The Jottings of Pan’gye), a digital encyclopedia of Confucian statecraft, designed to aid his plan for a revived and reformed Korean process of government.
Although Yu was once neglected in his personal time by way of all yet a number of admirers and disciples, his principles turned famous by means of the mid-eighteenth century as discussions have been underway to unravel difficulties in taxation, army provider, and advertisement job. Yu has been considered through Korean and jap students as a forerunner of modernization, yet in Confucian Statecraft and Korean Institutions James B. Palais demanding situations this view, demonstrating that Yu was once as an alternative a very good instance of the premodern tradition.
Palais makes use of Yu Hyòngwòn’s titanic, pivotal textual content to envision the improvement and form of the foremost associations of Chosòn dynasty Korea. He has incorporated a radical therapy of the various chinese language classical and ancient texts that Yu used in addition to the to be had Korean fundamental resources and Korean and eastern secondary scholarship. Palais strains the background of every of Yu’s topics from the start of the dynasty and pursues advancements during the eighteenth and 19th centuries. He stresses either the classical and historic roots of Yu’s reform rules and analyzes the character and measure of proto-capitalistic adjustments, equivalent to using steel forex, the advent of salary hard work into the agrarian financial system, the advance of unregulated advertisement task, and the looks of industries with extra differentiation of labor.
Because it includes a lot comparative fabric, Confucian Statecraft and Korean Institutions can be of curiosity to students of China and Japan, in addition to to Korea experts. It additionally has a lot to assert to students of agrarian society, slavery, landholding platforms, paperwork, and constructing economies.
Winner of the toilet Whitney corridor ebook Prize, backed via the organization for Asian reviews