Children and Violence: Report of the Commission on Children by Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation PDF

By Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation

The fee on young children and Violence was once convened to study what's identified approximately why young ones develop into violent and the level of violence regarding young ones, and to make targeted thoughts for violence prevention. this is often the record of that fee.

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Then there are the subjective experiences and perceptions of people working with violent children and with those who are violent to children. But it cannot be emphasised too strongly that the multiplicity of potential risk factors, and their likely interaction, makes it difficult to predict accurately which individuals will become violent. Much of the research on the development of violence identifies factors common to the development of other antisocial tendencies. This means, of course, that proposals to reduce violence that are linked effectively to our knowledge of the risk factors are likely to reduce other criminal and anti-social behaviour as well.

It again underlines the multi-factor approach: ‘The likelihood of someone committing a violent act depends on many different factors. Biological, individual, family, peer, school, and community factors may influence the development of an individual potential for violence. ’7 The report emphasises in particular that ‘… it is clear that aggressive children tend to become violent teenagers and violent adults. ’ Introduction / 35 It quotes research showing that adult violent offenders tend to have shown certain personality features as children: ‘They are high on hyperactivity, impulsivity and attention deficit, tend to be restless and lacking in concentration, take risks, show a poor ability to defer gratification, and have low empathy.

But a third of children living with parents who had a poor marital relationship had experienced severe physical punishment, compared with seven per cent of those whose marriage was good. Similarly, mothers who said they were often irritable for reasons other than the child were more likely to inflict severe punishments. John and Elizabeth Newson’s long-term Nottingham research on childrearing found a ‘very clear association’ between the frequency of physical punishment at 11 and the child’s perceived delinquency.

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