Download e-book for iPad: Civil Society In Central Asia by M. Holt Ruffin

By M. Holt Ruffin

What shape will the crucial Asian societies of Kazakstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan absorb the twenty first century? This publication examines vital contemporary advancements within the zone as they symbolize developments towards - or clear of - pluralism and democracy.

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At present, suffocating tax burdens in the region are spurring most businesses (probably excepting the significant foreign investors) to engage in broad-scale tax evasion. We must recognize that this is not only a problem for the state in its efforts to meet revenue objectives, it is also a long-term nightmare for the cause of philanthropy in the region. The domestic debate around NGO legislation currently revolves around several competing drafts presented by the International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL), including variants drafted for the World Bank and the Open Society Institute by ICNL and the German Gesellschaft fUr technische Zusammen" arOOt (GTZ).

By the late 19908 tens of millions of dollars, pounds, marks, and francs had been spent on the development of "civil society" in Central Asia. Inevitably, those who were paying the bills have begun to ask what all this activity has accomplished. entral Asian states, like Russia itself, are still ruled by authoritarian leaders. Freedoms of speech aud association are constantly under threat. Nongovemmental organizations struggle to survive, even when they enjoy a legaJ right to exist. And the public at large, preoccupied 30 S.

These restrictions must be viewed as substantive rather than procedural when considered in the overall context of the anti-Wahhabi campaign. While Uzbek NOO legislation is similar to NGO legislation in the other CAU republics, the NOO sector in Uzbekistan experiences more restrictive The Legal Regulation ofNOOs 41 regulation by the government. The NGO sector cannot playa significant role in discussing draft NGO legislatio~ and there appears to be no adequate channel for domestic NGOs to present their concerns about such legislation.

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