Download PDF by Theodore Shapiro: Clinical Psycholinguistics

By Theodore Shapiro

One of Moliere's gauche characters in Le Bourgeoise Gentilhomme re­ sponds with shock whilst he learns that he has been talking prose all his existence. the plain discovery, mirrored in his remark, offers us with either the virtues and the problems in proposing "yet one other book," particularly one with a a little bit formidable identify as this one. The virtues can be cataloged less than cross-fertilization between a few disciplines which gives impetus to new rules, paintings, or even dis­ coveries. The problems pertain to the adaptation in concentration of every disci­ pline, the variation within the item each one self-discipline chooses to review, and the adaptation in really good language that accrues among fields of inquiry. now not too a long time in the past, usual technology and particularly psychology have been in the confines of philosophy and its subsectors: the pre­ Socratic philosophers have been basically cosmologists, and in simple terms later, with Socrates and Plato's paintings, did an curiosity in epistemology imagine a important place inside philosophy. even though this occasion placed guy on the middle of philosophical inquiry, the emergence of thoughts to review mental tactics according to se was once certainly past due and, at that, lengthy after usual technological know-how had edged clear of philosophy. lately, it truly is a few­ occasions tough to differentiate linguistics from philosophy, simply because there's a robust wave of philosophical considering that's depending on linguistic research, and the really expert linguistics of that zone relies seriously on philosophical musings.

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This seemed a plausible and fruitful route if it rendered such simplicity. The next unit considered was the morpheme, the smallest unit which carried meaning, and so on up the line to a word, and then from a word to a sentence or tagmeme. Thus, the very scaffolding of a theory of linguistics based on ever smaller units was created. This led to a kind of molecularization of language and the unification of varying molecules into substances which common sense could apprehend. If we look at the two clinical examples cited earlier and try to find from those whether we have any better understanding based on this model of what the individual said, we will find it yields little for us as clinicians.

Although I have not explained the use of irony or the Latinisms by the two patients, I have used the productions to suggest possible ways for therapists to look at them as data that have not been explored much in theories of therapeutic interaction that exclude language. In therapy, this provides us with a way of looking at language in action which involves the introduction of new schemata to enable us to attend to the stuff we work with, mainly words. It is a schema which should be useful in making relevant distinctions that will help psychotherapists to understand more accurately what they are hearing from their patients and to categorize more precisely what they are hearing into structures and organizations significant for their day-to-day work.

Moreover, he said that disturbances of communication would also need clarification by consideration of the ontogenesis of the relation of word to thing and the problems that we encounter when we look at preverbal thought in relation to preintellectual speech and the later elaboration of each. The Ogden-Richards scheme leaves open the essential question of how words came to stand for ideas or things in the first instance (that is, the ontogenetic query raised by Rosen) and how particular individuals, qua individuals, begin to think about the world in categories as opposed to concrete images.

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