Download e-book for kindle: Common knowledge? : an ethnography of Wikipedia by Dariusz Jemielniak

By Dariusz Jemielniak

With an emphasis on peer–produced content material and collaboration, Wikipedia exemplifies a departure from conventional administration and organizational versions. This iconic "project" has been variously characterised as a hive brain and a data revolution, attracting hundreds of thousands of latest clients while it's been denigrated as anarchic and affected by incorrect information. Have Wikipedia's constitution and internal workings promoted its surprising progress and enduring public relevance?

In Common Knowledge?, Dariusz Jemielniak attracts on his educational services and years of energetic participation in the Wikipedia group to take readers contained in the website, illuminating the way it features and deconstructing its detailed association. opposed to a backdrop of misconceptions approximately its governance, authenticity, and accessibility, Jemielniak grants the 1st ethnography of Wikipedia, revealing that it's not solely on the mercy of the general public: as a substitute, it balances open entry and gear with a special forms that takes a web page from conventional organizational kinds. alongside the way in which, Jemielniak comprises interesting situations that spotlight the tug of battle one of the individuals as they forge forward during this pioneering environment.

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There are more than two thousand WikiProjects on the English Wikipedia. , 2012). Specialization can include focusing on technical aspects of Wikipedia, such as preparing infoboxes, creating bots for specific tasks, or just helping with categorization. 2 4 W i k i p e d i a i n S h o r t Other, less formal forms of specialization naturally emerge. For instance, some Wikipedians frequently take part in policy discussions at the Village Pump, which is a platform with several topical forums for discussion on the development of Wikipedia.

152), since structures and hierarchies naturally emerge in all communities, irrespective of their formal governance. According to some authors, organizations even have an “essential hierarchic nature” (Kerr, 2004, p. 83), and organizational actors are often unwilling to partake in a democratic system, even if they can. Clearly, there is a lot of skepticism about organizational democracy, despite its proven efficiency (Viggiani, 2011). 3 2 F o r m a l R o l e s a n d H i e rarch y However, research shows that a cooperative organization often does not develop into a full democratic setting but rather into a mix of democracy and oligarchy (Hernandez, 2006).

Theoretically, access to roles of responsibility is open to anyone and anyone who is trustworthy can become an administrator. In practice, expected qualifications of administrator candidates rise every year. Large meritocratic contributions to Wikipedia develop it most, but many Wikipedians evaluate other users by their number of edits, which favors minor and automatic corrections. I believe that these contradictions are related to the increasing bureaucratization of Wikipedia. I also think that they stem from the fact that, in the absence of formal hierarchies, the Wikipedia community substitutes local power-knowledge differentials.

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