By Mervyn Frost
International civil society and the society of democratic states are the 2 such a lot inclusive and robust international practices of our time. during this publication, Frost claims that, with no an realizing of the position that particular human rights play in those practices no enough knowing of any significant characteristic of up to date international politics from 'globalization' to 'new wars' is feasible. Constituting Human Rights, hence argues obstacle with human rights is key to the examine of foreign relations.
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Extra info for Constituting Human Rights: Global Civil Society and the Society of Democratic States (Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics)
What led Saddam Hussein to attack when he did? What factors produced the military strategy pursued by the allies? What different groups within the top US decision-making mechanisms brought about the decision to end the war? The production of explanations for these events and the writing of the full history of the war all presuppose an initial understanding that the state of Iraq had aggressed against the state of Kuwait which had a right not to be aggressed. This right itself is understood to be derivable in the final instance from the individual rights of Kuwaiti people to govern themselves.
These insights have been greatly reinforced by the development of postmodern philosophical theories about the structure of knowledge. A defining feature of these is their commitment to anti-foundationalism. 31, 32 What precisely is the implication of relativism with regard to our discussion of human rights in international relations? What it implies is that what rights you think you have will depend on what morality you subscribe to. Any arguments we may have about rights must, on the relativist view, be arguments within an agreed-upon moral framework.
Having a conception of the illegal migrant problem rests on our having an understanding of social practices within which the participants are understood to be the bearers of fundamental human rights. Concluding remarks In this chapter I have outlined the ethical tension between individual rights in civil society and citizenship rights in sovereign states which I believe is encountered by many people in present day international affairs. Since this tension seems to underlie many pressing international problems of our time, I turned to a brief consideration of the discipline which might be thought best placed to offer guidance about how to understand and react to this set of tensions – I turned to the discipline of IR.