By Jasone Cenoz, Britta Hufeisen, Ulrike Jessner
3rd language acquisition is a typical phenomenon, which provides a few particular features compared to moment language acquisition. This quantity adopts a psycholinguistic process within the research of cross-linguistic impact in 3rd language acquisition and makes a speciality of the position of formerly got languages and the stipulations that be sure their impact.
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Extra resources for Cross-Linguistic Influence in Third Language Acquisition: Psycholinguistic Perspectives (Bilingual Education and Bilingualism)
In J. ) Readings in the Sociology of Language. The Hague: Mouton. Möhle, D. (1989) Multilingual interaction in foreign language production. W. Dechert and M. Raupach (eds) Interlingual Processes (pp. 179–94). Tübingen: Gunter Narr. Poulisse, N. (1997) Language production in bilinguals. B. F. Kroll (eds) Tutorials in Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Perspective (pp. 201–24). Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Poulisse, N. and Bongaerts, T. (1994) First language use in second language production. Applied Linguistics 15, 36–57.
The words on which further information was needed were either in Spanish or very close to Spanish. It was thus felt best not to request further translations into Spanish, as this may have had a potential effect on the subject’s Italian interlanguage production. The secondary data were collected as follows: (1) The subject was asked whether she was familiar with a list of English words which were read aloud to her one at the time. She was asked to answer either ‘Yes’ or ‘No’. (2) The subject was asked to translate the same English words into Italian.
G. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. g. här, ser, framför) • The above-mentioned tense word-prosodic quality no longer occurring • • • • Thus, in the phonetic as well as in the lexical domain, we can observe a conspicuous influence from L2 German in the early stage, which then gradually disappears. But in contrast to the lexical area, a slight but constant influence from L1 English becomes noticeable when the L2 influence has Roles of L1 and L2 in L3 Production and Acquisition 35 disappeared. To explain why L1 persists in the phonetic domain in a way that is not the case in the lexical domain, we believe that one should consider the fact that articulatory patterns have a basis in neuro-motor routines that have been established according to L1 requirements, and are evidently difficult to control at will or to modify.