Defining Nations: Immigrants and Citizens in Early Modern - download pdf or read online

By Tamar Herzog

In this e-book Tamar Herzog explores the emergence of a in particular Spanish proposal of group in either Spain and Spanish the USA within the eighteenth century. difficult the belief that groups have been the ordinary results of universal elements comparable to language or faith, or that they have been artificially imagined, Herzog reexamines early smooth different types of belonging. She argues that the excellence among those that have been Spaniards and people who have been foreigners took place as neighborhood groups unusual among immigrants who have been judged to be prepared to tackle the rights and tasks of club in that neighborhood and those that have been not.

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Additional resources for Defining Nations: Immigrants and Citizens in Early Modern Spain and Spanish America

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This ability, in turn, depended on the concerned parties, but also on local circumstances and perceptions. Different requirements were elaborated, demanding people in different periods to provide a diverse range of proofs. On occasion, citizenship was portrayed as a privilege. At other times it was presented as an obligation. The story of local citizenship in Castile thus reveals the existence of common perceptions, often leading to individual local arrangements. Rather than a fragmentary and highly localized regime, as portrayed in the legislation and as assumed by most historians, citizenship was based on doctrine and practices common to all Castilians.

This was the opinion of ius commune jurists, who argued that a ten-year residence was the best proof for the newcomer’s intentions, and this rule was frequently adopted in Castilian local legislation, that included a requirement that candidates reside in the community for several years before they could acquire citizenship. However, residence, which during the resettlement period was a necessary condition and the raison d’être of granting privilege to people, was now presented as a legal presumption.

He had resided in the community with his family for more than thirty years and had the intention to remain permanently, which is why he joined several local confraternities. The laws required neither formal declaration nor special reception, and his behavior was sufficient to transform him into a citizen. The authorities of Villarramiel disagreed. They argued that he resided in the community as a professional by virtue of a contract and that, since his immigration was not voluntary, it could not transform him into a citizen.

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