By Josine A. Lalleman
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Extra info for Dutch Language Proficiency of Turkish Children Born in the Netherlands
24) incorrect prepositions Ümit, PS: ging tie ' m hard in de raam gooien went he it hard in the window throw "(toen) gooide h i j 'm hard legen het raam" "(then) he threw it against the window" Richard ( D ) , PS: die man hij gaat effen bij de kassa that man he goes for a while at the paydesk "die man gaat even naar de kassa toe" "that man goes to the paydesk" A preposition was scored as absent if from the context it could be derived that a preposition should have been used, e . g . : 36 (25) absent prepositions Rahman, CS: ik heb (0) Utrecht geweest I have (0) Utrecht been "ik ben in Utrecht geweest" "I have been in Utrecht" Gerti ( D ) , CS: en de ander was (0) hout and the other was (0) wood "en de ander was van hout" "and the other was made of wood" Table 14 shows that the Turkish children far more often produce an incorrect preposition and also far more often omit a preposition; the difference in correct scores between the two groups is significant in both samples.
Boodschappen doen in the market three Turkish women u h . 2. : Syntactic Features The following syntactic features were scored in the Imitation Test: MAX. SCORE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. passive voice (3 items) imperative (2 items) interrogative (2 items) negation (4 items) relative clause (3 items) temporal clause (4 items) conditional clause (3 items) causal clause (3 items) object clause (1 item) MAX. SCORE: 6 2 4 8 6 8 6 6 2 48 With the exception of the imperative, which was scored as 1 point (verb correctly in first position) or 0 points (verb in an incorrect position), all items were scored on a three-points scale: 1 point (a) The passive voice (b) Interrogative (c) Negation (d) Subordination 0 points -door (by) absent -both worden and door abs.
31 3. Spontaneous Speech For all the children, two samples of spontaneous speech were obtained (cf. ): 1. The Picture Sample 2. The Conversation Sample The first sample, the Picture Sample (PS) consists of spontaneous speech uttered with reference to a number of pictures which together form a short story. Five series of pictures- were presented to the children. The second sample, the Conversation Sample (CS) consists of a conversation between the experimenter and the child, in which the experimenter asked a number of questions which the child was supposed to answer (cf.