By Edward L Queen II, Stephen R Prothero, Gardiner H Shattuck Jr., Fairfax M Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity Martin E Marty
This encyclopedia outlines the philosophers, personalities, social matters, and cultural histories of non secular practices all through American historical past.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of American Religious History
For Pennsylvania, at least in the mind of its founder and lord proprietor, WILLIAM PENN, conscience not only ought not to be coerced, but one should be fairly disinterested in the beliefs and practices of one’s neighbors, as long as they were not disruptive of good order. Founded in 1681 by William Penn as a haven for Quakers, Pennsylvania quickly became a model for both religious tolerance and commercial success. Although Quakers were the majority in the colony and predominated in its political and economic systems, Pennsylvania soon contained within its borders the most diverse array of religion in the colonies.
In 1688, he was deposed and replaced the following year by William and Mary as king and queen of England. While their accession was greeted as a great Protestant victory, the new monarchs continued their predecessor’s policy of weakening local, colonial government, including imposing royal governance on New York. Over the next several decades, this was seen in numerous ways. Several colonies made the Church of England the established church: Maryland (1702), South Carolina (1706). Puritans and others who once found themselves at odds with each other, now found themselves united against a common enemy, the Church of England and its symbol as a model of British power over the colonies.
Others emerged from historical developments in England. The first of these was the English Civil Wars (or Puritan Revolution). The English Civil Wars, including the execution of the king, the creation of the Commonwealth, 23 and then the restoration of the monarchy (1660), were additional key events. In many ways, the English Civil Wars were the culmination of the events that had led to the establishment of the Puritan colonies and Separatist colonies such as Plymouth. The conflict with the English monarchs and the hierarchy of the Church of England over the nature and form of the church, including the issue of bishops, had serious political implications.