Read e-book online Encyclopedia of Linguistics 2 Volume Set PDF

By Philipp Strazny

Using a historic and foreign technique, this invaluable two-volume source makes even the extra complicated linguistic matters comprehensible for the non-specialized reader. Containing over 500 alphabetically prepared entries and an expansive word list by means of a crew of foreign students, the Encyclopedia of Linguistics explores the various views, figures, and methodologies that make up the sphere.

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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Linguistics 2 Volume Set

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As they come to realize that words can serve to make friends as well as enemies, they learn that it is not always possible to tell the truth. In this way, while acquiring their first language, children also develop a social identity. How-ever, their progress is slow and not devoid of some rather amusing or even embarrassing errors. Children learning their first language, therefore, have a long way to go, even after they have acquired the basic concepts and their corresponding language categories.

Furthermore, performance does not mirror competence, since people may know how to produce a sentence but may err when they try to do so. Thus, performance can also be defined as the grammar that a person uses to understand and produce language, which is both correct and appropriate. Performance could be used to investigate competence through the analyses of samples of spoken or written discourse. Within performance, Widdowson distinguishes ‘usage’, which refers to the learner’s ability to apply grammar rules accurately in the production of grammatically correct sentences.

The origin of sound patterns in vocal tract constraints. The production of speech, ed. F. MacNeilage, 189–216. New York: Springer-Verlag. Ohala, J. J. 1997. Aerodynamics of phonology. Proceedings of the 4th Seoul International Conference on Linguistics [SICOL], 92–7. 11–15 August 1997. JOHN J. OHALA See also Speech Production Affixation Affixation is a morphological process that adds phonological material to a word in order to change its meaning, syntactic properties, or both. Some examples of affixation in English are given in (1).

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