By Alan E. Waltar, Donald R. Todd, Pavel V. Tsvetkov
This booklet is an entire replace of the vintage 1981 quickly BREEDER REACTORS textbook authored via Alan E. Waltar and Albert B. Reynolds, which , in addition to the Russian translation, served as an important reference booklet for speedy reactors structures. significant updates comprise transmutation physics (a key know-how to considerably ameliorate matters linked to the garage of high-level nuclear waste ), advances in fuels and fabrics expertise (including steel fuels and cladding fabrics able to high-temperature and excessive burnup), and new techniques to reactor security (including passive protection technology), New chapters on gas-cooled and lead-cooled quick spectrum reactors also are included.
Key foreign specialists contributing to the textual content comprise Chaim Braun, (Stanford college) Ronald Omberg, (Pacific Northwest nationwide Laboratory, Massimo Salvatores (CEA, France), Baldev Raj, (Indira Gandhi heart for Atomic study, India) , John Sackett (Argonne nationwide Laboratory), Kevan Weaver, (TerraPower company) ,James Seinicki(Argonne nationwide Laboratory). Russell Stachowski (General Electric), Toshikazu Takeda (University of Fukui, Japan), and Yoshitaka Chikazawa (Japan Atomic strength Agency).
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As the pin diameter is reduced, the fuel mass per pin is decreased and the required fissile fraction is increased. , the product of fuel mass and fissile fraction) is also reduced as the pin diameter is reduced. Hence, from the point of view of minimizing fissile specific inventory, a small pin diameter is desirable. 6). Other considerations are involved in placing a lower limit on fuel pin diameter, such as fabrication costs, pitch-to-diameter ratio, neutron leakage, and fuel volume fraction. These considerations typically lead to SFR mixed-oxide fuel-pin diameters from 6 to 9 mm, or approximately two-thirds those of water cooled reactor fuel pins.
Tsvetkov et al. In contrast to the secondary sodium loop, the radioactive sodium in the primary loop must be shielded from plant personnel. Two different arrangements can be used to accomplish this; the IHX and the primary pump can be placed inside the reactor tank, or these two components can be located in adjacent hot cells with pipes connecting them to the reactor vessel. The first option is called the pool system, and the second is termed the loop system. Simplified pool and loop design options are shown in Fig.
Hyde, Y. Ishikawa, D. McAlees, J. McWhirter, N. Myhrvold, J. Nuckolls, A. Odedra, K. Weaver, C. Whitmer, L. Wood, and G. Zimmerman, “Novel Reactor Designs to Burn Non-Fissile Fuel,” Proceedings of the 2008 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2008), ANS, Anaheim, CA, Paper 8319 (2008). 14. M. Salvatores and J. Knebel, “Overview of Advanced Fuel Cycles for the 21st Century,” Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 2008, Hamburg (May 27–29, 2008). 15. Accelerator-Driven Systems (ADS) and Fast Reactors (FR) in Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles, A Comparative Study, OECD-NEA (2002).