Download e-book for iPad: Fractured Minds: A Case-Study Approach to Clinical by Jenni Ogden

By Jenni Ogden

Fractured Minds introduces the reader to medical neuropsychology via bright case descriptions of adults who've suffered mind harm. At one point, it is a e-book concerning the braveness, humor, and backbone to overcome affliction and incapacity that many "ordinary people" reveal while dealing with the intense tension of a mind disease. On one other point, it's a well-referenced and up to date textbook that gives a holistic view of the perform of scientific neuropsychology. incorporated are reader-friendly descriptions and causes of quite a lot of neurological problems and neuroscientific techniques. introductory chapters are by way of 17 chapters that every specialise in a selected ailment and comprise learn, medical evaluation, rehabilitation, and an in depth case learn. issues variety around the complete spectrum from universal ones corresponding to nerve-racking mind harm and dementia, to infrequent issues akin to autotopagnosia. all of the sixteen chapters retained from the 1st variation has been revised to mirror present learn and medical advances. 3 new chapters on a number of sclerosis, Parkinson's sickness, and Huntington's ailment comprise dialogue of vital present issues equivalent to genetically-transmitted ailments, genetic counseling, gene transplantation, sensible neurosurgery, and the complicated moral concerns that pass hand-in-hand with those new recommendations. This informative and interesting publication should be of curiosity to scholars of scientific psychology, neuropsychology, and neurology, future health execs who paintings with neurological sufferers, neurological sufferers and their households, and lay readers who're easily enthusiastic about the brain and mind.

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Extra info for Fractured Minds: A Case-Study Approach to Clinical Neuropsychology (2nd Edition)

Sample text

Any label containing phasia refers to a speech disorder; graphia refers to writing, and lexia to reading. Praxia means to work or perform purposeful actions, and gnosia means to know. , dyslexia means to have a marked reading difficulty). However, these conventions are often not adhered to, and a patient labeled as having expressive aphasia may not be totally mute but more accurately may be dysphasic. Sometimes the main label is preceded by a common English word that signifies the specific type of disorder.

Ogden 1985a; Ogden, Mee, and Henning 1993a; Ogden, Utley, and Mee 1997; Utley et al. 1997). In the setting of an acute or outpatient service, the clinical neuropsychological investigation may make an important contribution to the diagnosis of a disorder. For example, it might be important to establish whether a patient is depressed or in the early stages of dementia. Patients who are possible candidates for a temporal lobectomy as a cure for temporal lobe epilepsy must be carefully assessed by a neuropsychologist to ensure that the temporal lobe that will be left intact after neurosurgery is undamaged, and therefore capable of mediating memory (see Chapter 4).

Double Dissociation of Function An individual patient with brain damage in a particular area may show impairment on one test and not on another. Although this discrepancy may indicate that the impaired ability is mediated by the lesioned area of cortex, and the unimpaired ability is not (a single dissociation), an alternative explanation is that the test used to assess the impaired function was simply more difficult than the test used to assess the unimpaired function. That is, if the tests were of equal difficulty, both would be impaired by damage in this area and possibly by damage in other areas as well.

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