New PDF release: Free Slaves, Freetown, and the Sierra Leonean Civil War

By Joseph Kaifala

This publication is a historic narrative protecting quite a few sessions in Sierra Leone’s historical past from the 15th century to the top of its civil conflict in 2002. It includes the background of Sierra Leone from its days as a slave harbor via to its founding as a house at no cost slaves, and towards its political independence and civil conflict. In 1462, the rustic used to be came across via a Portuguese explorer, Pedro de Sintra, who named it Serra Lyoa (Lion Mountains). Sierra Leone later turned a profitable hub for the Transatlantic Slave exchange. on the finish of slavery in England, Freetown was once chosen as a house for the Black bad, unfastened slaves in England after the Somerset ruling. The Black bad have been joined via the Nova Scotians, American slaves who supported or fought with the British in the course of the American Revolution. The Maroons, rebellious slaves from Jamaica, arrived in 1800. The Recaptives, freed in enforcement of British antislavery legislation, have been additionally taken to Freetown. Freetown grew to become a British colony in 1808 and Sierra Leone acquired political independence from Britain in 1961. the improvement of the rustic was once derailed by way of the loss of life of its first leading Minister, Sir Milton Margai, and thirty years after independence the rustic collapsed right into a brutal civil war.

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17 Touré expanded his empire and might have taken possession of all of West Africa if not for the superior weaponry of French and British forces competing for control of the region. The Son of Lofta was a brave warrior from a very early age. Born in the Konyan region of Guinea around 1830, he joined the army in the 1850s in Madina to liberate his mother who had been captured during an enemy raid. He acquired military prowess as a mercenary who was employed by local chiefs to conquer their enemies.

15. D. Alie, A New History of Sierra Leone (London: Macmillan, 1990), 10. 16. D. Alie, A New History of Sierra Leone (London: Macmillan, 1990), 10. 17. , 120. 18. “Toure Samori,” BlackPast, accessed February 20, 2015, http://www. org/gah/toure-samori-1830-1900. 19. Ibid. 20.  Alie, A New History of Sierra Leone (London: Macmillan, 1990), 120. THE ETHNIC MAKEOVER 31 21. General Act of the Brussels Conference Relative to the African Slave Trade (Brussels, 1890), Preamble. 22. , Art. viii. 23. Cyril P.

36 Slave traders such as Blanco formed profitable business alliances with Bullom chiefs to maintain the supply of human cargo that was in high demand at the peak of the slave trade. A regular supply of tobacco, rum, arms, and ammunition was enough to guarantee that slave barracoons at the mouth of the Gallinas river were never without their human merchandise. Many young people in Sherbro land were sold into slavery, and when the population of eligible slaves declined, Sherbro chiefs waged wars against interior chiefs and sold their captives to transatlantic slavers.

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