Download e-book for iPad: Funding Science in America: Congress, Universities, and the by James D. Savage

By James D. Savage

Because the Nineteen Fifties, the government has depended on the peer evaluation process for investment educational technological know-how. Peer assessment, despite the fact that, is lower than assault for being a biased procedure that is helping wealthy learn universities get richer. As a therapy for those biases, collage presidents and individuals of Congress have grew to become to the earmarking of technology initiatives and amenities within the federal funds. investment technology in the US explores either the professionals and the cons of the tutorial earmarking factor and explains why this factor has triggered a rift in the nation's technology neighborhood.

Show description

Read Online or Download Funding Science in America: Congress, Universities, and the Politics of the Academic Pork Barrel PDF

Best encyclopedias books

Encyclopedia of Science Technology and Ethics - download pdf or read online

College-level audiences with very robust holdings in technology, know-how or scientific experiences should have the 4-volume ENCYCLOPEDIA OF technological know-how, expertise AND ETHICS: it is going to achieve those disciplines and extra both good, retaining robust references on issues starting from biology and medication to enterprise ethics, astronomy and public family, and politics and social values.

Get Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia, 17 Volumes Set PDF

A few reviewers name "Grzimek's Animal lifestyles Encyclopedia the easiest reference paintings on animals ever released. Others name it the legacy left to us by way of famed zoologist and animal lover, Bernhard Grzimek. the unique set, released in Germany within the overdue Nineteen Sixties, is across the world well known for its clinical reporting, assurance and illustrations, and serves as an incredible element of reference for researchers and scholars learning the animal country.

Download PDF by USN: Uss Mississippi (Bb23)

US army truth dossier Battleships BB-23 USS Mississippi every thing you must learn about this send.

Download e-book for iPad: New Insights Into Audiovisual Translation and Media by Jorge Diaz Cintas, Joselia Neves, Anna Matamala

This quantity goals to take the heart beat of the adjustments occurring within the thriving box of Audiovisual Translation and to supply new insights into either theoretical and functional concerns. lecturers and practitioners of confirmed foreign recognition are given voice in 3 particular sections pivoting round the major parts of subtitling and dubbing, media accessibility (subtitling for the deaf and hard-of-hearing and audio description), and didactic functions of AVT.

Additional resources for Funding Science in America: Congress, Universities, and the Politics of the Academic Pork Barrel

Example text

2 million operating deficit, and Stanford University and the University of Chicago also imposed budget cuts. During the period 1993-6, Stanford cut spending in its academic departments by $15 million. A very gloomy overall assessment of the financial health of higher education was reached by Wall Street's Standard & Poor's municipal finance department in 1992: "Private colleges and universities today are facing pressures unprecedented in their complexity and scope. "14 Trends in federal research funding have also added to higher education's financial worries.

It would obviously be improper and ineffective to give funds to private institutions without some assurance of their ability to further the purpose of the program. 32 This debate over the funding mechanism continued on during the next several years, though the focus of contention over the Kilgore and Bush plans touched on more volatile matters, such as whether patent rights on grants would be retained by the federal government. President Harry S Truman supported Kilgore's bill and vetoed legislation advocating Bush's plan in 1947, largely because Truman objected to Bush's proposal that the agency chief be only indirectly appointed by the president through the NRF governing board.

Penick, Pursell, Sherwood, and Swain, op. , p. 19. 36 The Incentives to Earmark in favor of the Bush plan on this point was the director of the Bureau of the Budget, Harold Smith, who proclaimed: Only by specific contacts, rather than general purpose contracts, can [the science agency] make sure that it is supporting in each institution only the type of research which that institution is qualified to perform. . It would obviously be improper and ineffective to give funds to private institutions without some assurance of their ability to further the purpose of the program.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.72 of 5 – based on 18 votes

About the Author

admin