By Jonathan Schanzer
Author note: ahead through Daniel Pipes
In June 2007 civil struggle broke out within the Gaza Strip among rival Palestinian factions, Hamas and Fatah. Western peace efforts within the area consistently excited about reconciling opposing fronts: Israel and Palestine. Now, this cautious exploration of center East historical past during the last 20 years finds that the Palestinians have lengthy been a home divided. What started as a political contention among Fatah’s Yasir Arafat and Hamas chief Sheikh Ahmed Yassin throughout the first intifada of 1987 advanced right into a full-blown conflict at the streets of Gaza among the forces of Arafat’s successor, Mahmoud Abbas, and Ismael Haniyeh, considered one of Yassin’s early protégés. at the present time, the conflict keeps among those diametrically opposing forces over the position of Palestinian nationalism and Islamism within the West financial institution and Gaza.
In this thought-provoking e-book, Jonathan Schanzer questions the idea of Palestinian political cohesion, explaining how inner rivalries and violence have eventually stymied American efforts to advertise center East peace, or even the Palestinian quest for a native land.
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Extra resources for Hamas vs. Fatah: The Struggle For Palestine
By imitating the PLO’s leaﬂeting tactics and trying to harness popular support on the Palestinian street, the nascent Hamas was openly challenging the HAMAS, FATAH, AND THE FIRST INTIFADA • faction that claimed to be the “sole legitimate representative” of the Palestinian people. The Hamas leaﬂets and grassroots protest activities played a signiﬁcant role in the mobilization of violence, imbuing the uprising with a zealous Islamist ﬂare. Of course, in 1988, Hamas did not yet pose a serious political challenge to the PLO.
25 Fadlallah’s black turban, sunken eyes, and white beard quickly became familiar to intelligence analysts in the United States. Iran and elements within Hizbullah were responsible for America’s ﬁrst experience with a suicide bombing. That attack was carried out against the United States Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon, on April 18, 1983, killing 60 people, mostly embassy staff members. S. marine barracks and killing 241 American servicemen in Lebanon. Regardless of its inspiration, Hamas terror, including the use of suicide bombings, intensiﬁed in 1994.
PIJ’s Khomeini-inspired views also 21 22 • HAMAS VS. 19 Within a decade, Hamas would embrace these ideas as its own. PIJ, operating under a variety of names (including the Islamic Vanguard, the Revolutionary Islamic Current, and the Independents Movement), carried out a spate of guerrilla attacks against Israeli targets, particularly military ones in the Gaza Strip. Despite numerous successful Israeli counterterrorism operations against the group, in the 14 months prior to the Palestinian uprising of 1987, PIJ carried out a wave of unparalleled violence.