By William Grange
Greater than mere leisure, German theater was once a very important section of culture—often influencing society and politics in German-speaking countries—whose impact progressively reached a lot extra with the emergence of remarkable playwrights like Goethe, Schiller, Hauptmann, and Brecht, in addition to extraordinary dramas similar to Faust and The Threepenny Opera.
The historic Dictionary of German Theater covers the sphere of theater functionality within the German language, focusing on German-speaking Europe, via a chronology, a listing of acronyms and abbreviations, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and a number of other hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on major playwrights, administrators, manufacturers, designers, actors, performs, theaters, towns, dramatic genres, and pursuits comparable to the Sturm und Drang, Naturalism, and Expressionism.
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Extra info for Historical Dictionary of German Theater (Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts)
1961 Premiere of Helmut Baierl’s Frau Flinz at Berliner Ensemble. East German regime seals off West Berlin with concrete wall surrounding the city. DeKowa awarded Federal Service Cross. Dieter Dorn begins directing career in Hannover. Eberhard Esche begins career at Deutsches Theater. Frisch’s Andorra premieres in Zurich and Grass’s The Wicked Cooks in Berlin. Horowitz stages premiere of Dürrenmatt’s The Physicists in Zurich. Premiere of Müller’s The Settler, or Life on the Land results in his expulsion from the East German Writers’ Union.
Usually cast as a dandy or leading man in light comedies, he also played the dapper gentleman in movies, beginning in 1915. His career came to a halt in 1935 when he refused to divorce his second wife, a Jew. In 1938 he received a special license from the Propaganda Ministry to work, but only in private theaters—where he had always worked anyway. He continued working as a film actor in the Third Reich, though his directing career after 1935 was finished. ALEXANDER, RICHARD (1852–1923). Actor. Alexander became one of the most popular and highly paid comic actors of the Wilhelmine period, mostly at the Residenz Theater in Berlin.
BÄUERLE, ADOLF (Otto Horn, 1786–1859). Playwright, journalist. Bäuerle was originally an Austrian civil servant who became a Viennese theater critic and in 1806 the editor of Wiener Allgemeine Theaterzeitung (Theater Daily of Vienna); he edited that daily newspaper until his death. Bäuerle began writing plays in 1813 and is widely credited with creating the stock Viennese character type named Staberl, whom several playwrights subsequently imitated. Bäuerle’s popular comedy Staberls Hochzeit (The Marriage of Staberl ) initiated a long series of Staberl plays at the Theater in der Leopoldstadt, where nearly all his plays were premiered.