By David A. Sousa
Raise your ELL luck quotient and watch scholar fulfillment soar!
How the ELL mind Learns combines present examine on how the mind learns language with suggestions for instructing English language novices. Award-winning writer and mind learn professional David A. Sousa describes the linguistic reorganization had to collect one other language after the age of five years. He vitamins this data with instantly appropriate instruments, together with:
- A self-assessment pretest for gauging your realizing of the way the mind learns languages
- Brain-compatible options for instructing either English learners throughout content material parts
- An complete bankruptcy approximately tips on how to discover English language studying problems
Read or Download How the ELL Brain Learns PDF
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Extra info for How the ELL Brain Learns
Numerous studies have looked at whether each language is represented by distinct or overlapping cerebral areas. Research using neuroimaging techniques, cortical stimulation, and clinical findings seems to indicate that most bilinguals possess three different types of neural sites: 1. Multiuse sites where both languages perform multiple tasks. These are located in the frontal, temporal, and parietal areas. 26———How the ELL Brain Learns 2. Single-task sites that carry out one specific task for both languages.
Furthermore, PET scans show that when children grow up learning two languages, all language activity is found in the same areas of the brain. , 2009; Hernandez & Li, 2007). Further evidence of the drop-off in English language acquisition as a child ages is seen in a study of the parents of ELLs (Bleakley & Chin, 2008). The researchers looked at how well the parents from non-English-speaking countries learned English as compared to the age they arrived in the United States. They found that parents who had arrived between 1 to 5 years of age were able to reach a higher level of English proficiency than those who arrived at a later age.
English is a West Germanic language (along with Dutch, German, Flemish, and the Scandinavian group) with its roots in northern Germany, close to what is now the Netherlands. This land was inhabited by the Angles, the Saxons, the Frisians, and the Jutes. When the Roman Empire collapsed in the middle of the fifth century, these tribes invaded what was to become England (Angle-land), displacing the Celts to Scotland and Ireland. Old English was a mix of diverse dialects, but Late Saxon emerged as the dominant one.