By Claude E., Jr. Welch
E-book by way of Welch, Claude E., Jr.
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Extra info for Human Rights and Development in Africa
What is important to note are the growing ties seen by political leaders between economic and social development and the advancement of human rights. In effect, each is a condition- Page 3 ing factor for the other, as well as an aspect of the other's realization. Despite their extensive interconnections, however, institutional and political developments in these areas have not kept pace with evolving formulations and requirements. The reason lies in the extensive legal, organizational, and political obstacles to the joint realization of human rights and development objectives.
The Banjul Charter makes this explicit, its wording including both rights enjoyed by individuals and rights exercised collectively by peoples. For example, "Every individual shall have the right to enjoy the best attainable state of physical and mental health"; "Every individual shall have the right to education"; "The State shall have the duty to assist the family which is the custodian of morals and traditional values recognized by the community"; "All peoples shall have the right to their economic, social, and cultural development with due regard to their freedom and identity.
That the hopes of independence were unrealistically high needs little elaboration. Later chapters in this book provide details about abuses of human rights in several African states. The end of colonialism did not automatically usher in a new era, a dawn of basic Page 12 liberties, nor did it bring marked or immediate economic affluence. " 1 The widespread popular political mobilization of the late colonial period has disappeared. Competitive party systems have been transformed into single-party or no-party systems; military juntas have seized control and themselves frequently been subject to violent overthrow.