Maulana Abul Kalam Azad's India Wins Freedom: An Autobiographical Narrative (1959) PDF

By Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

One of many makers of contemporary India tells the tale of the partition of India as by no means ahead of, with intimate wisdom and feeling. India Wins Freedom has finally gained its personal freedom. the complete textual content of this autobiographical narrative was once limited, lower than seal, within the nationwide Library, Calcutta, and within the nationwide documents, New Delhi, for thirty years. What we have is the whole textual content, published in September 1988, via a courtroom directive. not just have all of the phrases and words of the unique been reproduced, the unique tone and mood were totally restored. The textual content now finds that the debate that has simmered for therefore lengthy concerning the hitherto unpublished pages, used to be totally justified.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958), named Firoz Bakht at delivery yet recognized in his formative years as Muhiyuddin Ahmad and later followed the pseudonym of 'Abul Kalam Azad'; descended from a family members which got here from Herat to India in Babar's time; between his ancestors have been famous students, divines and administrators.· Born in Meeca, the place his father Maulana Khairuddin had migrated after the 1857 rebellion; got here as an infan'110 Calcuua in 1890 and the family members reseuled the following. knowledgeable at domestic via his· father and via deepest tutors; his political awakening used to be expedited via the partition (later annulled) of Bengal in 1905; travelled in Iraq, Egypt, Turkey and France and had deliberate to go to London yet again domestic in 1908 on. account of father's affliction.

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Additional resources for India Wins Freedom: An Autobiographical Narrative (1959)

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The Committee endorsed my views. Two reso­ lutions were accordingly passed. The first reiterated the conviction of the Congress that non-violence was the correct policy in·attaining India's freedom and must be maintained� The second declared that in the war between Nazism and Democracy, India's rightful place was in the democratic camp. She could not, however, participate in the war effort of the democracies till she herself was · free. resolutions as finally accepted were based on my draft. · The .

Cr to the British people appealing to them that they should not fight Hitler but oppose him by sp iritual force. I t is not altogcther surprisi ng that Gandhiji's appeal found no re spo ns e in '· British hearts ; for by this time France had already fallen and Gemian powC'I' stood at its zenith. ult time for Gandhiji. s Freedom was devastating the world and he could qo nothing to prevent it. He was so distressed that on several occasions he even spoke of suic:ide. He told me that if he was powerless to stop the suffering caused by the war, he couid at least refuse to be a witness to it by putting an end to his life.

Mr Asaf Ali. A fifteenth name was to be announced later, but soon after the session of the Congress we were arrested and the place remained vacant. It was a very critical ·time in the;: h istory of Congress. We were affected by the world-shaking events outside . Even more d isturbing were the differences among ourselves. ;ere free. The cause of democracy was one for which Indians fel t The only obstacle in our way was India's bondage. For Gandhiji, however, it was not so. For him the issue was one of pati­ fi sm and not of India's freedom.

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