By John M. Letiche
The literature on overseas economics has turn into excessively really good. In picking out amazing readings for this resource book--including contributions by way of Nobel laureates equivalent to Lawrence R. Klein, Arthur Lewis, James Meade, and Theodore W. Schultz--Professor Letiche breaks the mildew. The essays pay attention to interrelation among concept and genuine coverage layout, and this number of vintage items and up to date financial contributions are a valued source in universities and govt places of work
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Extra info for International Economic Policies and their Theoretical Foundations. A Sourcebook
Technological advances and higher incomes will create pressures against common property resources and will generate new public goods or public bads, as they have in the past with respect to whaling, the electromagnetic spectrum, the atmospheric disposal of radioactive waste, geostationary satellite locations, global deforestation, and possibly ozone depletion. What are the problems for the future calling for economic cooperation? Some important ones are implicit in the four headings that have been discussed above: 1.
But an opportunity to trade is also an opportunity to industrialize. For trade increases the national income, and therefore increases the domestic market for manufactures. Import substitution becomes possible, and industrialization can start off from there. This for example is what happened to Australia, whose development did not begin until the gold rush of the 1850s, and was then based on exporting primary products. Nevertheless by 1913 the proportion of Australia's labor force in agriculture had fallen to 25 percent, and Australia was producing more manufactures per head than France or Germany.
But I suspect that such differences, while occasionally important, are secondary to disagreements over how the macrocconomic world works. One has only to recall the surprising propositions of supply-siders that dominated the first Reagan Administration. Or the continuing debate between monetarists and PART I. EVOLUTION AND PROSPECTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL ECONOMY 33 non-monetarists over the ability of central banks to influence the economy through their actions, and in particular over their alleged (by monetarists) inability to influence real interest rates or real economic activity beyond t relatively short and unpredictable period.