By Daniel E. Price
What have an effect on does Islamic political tradition have on democracy and human rights practices? it's been argued that Islam allows authoritarianism, contradicts the values of Western societies, and considerably impacts vital political results in Muslim international locations. This view, rate argues, is predicated totally on research of Islamic political conception and ad-hoc stories of person nations, which don't examine different components. via rigorous assessment of the connection among Islam, democracy, and person rights on the cross-national point, fee means that an excessive amount of emphasis is being put on the ability of Islam as a political strength. Comparative case stories, which concentrate on elements in terms of the interaction among Islamic teams and regimes, monetary affects, ethnic cleavages and societal improvement, are used to provide an explanation for the variance within the effect of Islam on politics throughout 8 nations.
Price argues that a lot of the political strength that's attributed to Islam might be higher defined via different elements. certainly, the expanding energy of Islamic political teams has frequently been linked to democratization. to check those assertions, an index of Islamic political tradition in accordance with the level to which Islamic legislations is applied and the way Western rules, associations, and applied sciences are applied, has been developed. This indicator is utilized in statistical research to investigate the connection among Islam, democracy, and person rights throughout 23 predominantly Muslim nations and a keep an eye on team of non-Muslim constructing countries. the implications supply powerful facts that Islamic political tradition doesn't have an important effect on degrees of democracy and the safety of person rights in predominantly Muslim countries.
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Extra resources for Islamic Political Culture, Democracy, and Human Rights: A Comparative Study
Gellner writes: ‘‘By various obvious criteria—universalism, scripturalism, spiritual egalitarianism, the extent of full participation in the sacred community not to one, or some, but to all, and the rational system of social life—Islam is, of the three great Western monotheisms, the one closest to modernity and best facilitates democracy’’ (Gellner 1981, 7). Finally, the Quran, especially many of the early verses, contains many favorable references to democracy, individual 28 ISLAMIC POLITICAL CULTURE autonomy, and the desirability of universal participation by all members of the community in matters of governance and policy.
The case studies in the chapters to follow will provide the beginnings of an answer to this question. However, it is first necessary to discuss the variables to be analyzed in these case studies, which is the focus of the final section of this chapter. CASE STUDY RESEARCH DESIGN Overview The purpose of the case studies is to identify factors that influence (1) whether political Islam gains a foothold in political systems and (2) whether a rise in the influence of political Islam leads to an opening of the political system.
The development of a strong banking network that adheres to Sharia is illustrated in Moore’s (1990) study of the growth of Islamic banks in Turkey and the Middle East. 4 Rather than rehash the particulars of this debate, I will briefly mention factors within Islam that work for and against democracy. A notion of democracy, shura, which translates into consultation, is found in the Quran. In short, Islamic leaders must consult with the citizens before instituting policies or taking major actions.