By Alan George
Drawing on quite a few visits to the rustic and interviews with a range of individuals, together with King Abdullah, Alan George describes how Jordan's quite solid monarchical approach, not like that during so much Arab nations, has allowed the halting improvement of civil society and maintained keep an eye on during the skillful co-option of competitors instead of heavy-handed reliance on its mystery police. what's lifestyle like? How do its parliamentary approach and political events paintings? How loose are the media? What are the longer term customers of this buffer "state with no nation"?
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Additional info for Jordan: Living in the Crossfire
Initially Abdullah suggested that he should rule George 01 10 19/8/05 • 4:01 pm Page 10 Jordan a unified Palestine and Transjordan or a merged Transjordan and Iraq. He settled for much less: Transjordan alone, for a trial period of six months and under British tutelage, together with an annual stipend of £5,000. In return, Abdullah promised to quash anti-French and anti-Zionist activity in the territory. To encourage the amir’s agreement, Churchill – who would later boast that he had created Transjordan by a stroke of his pen on a Sunday afternoon – appealed to Abdullah’s undimmed territorial dreams.
Only the Arab Legion – whose British officers were under orders from London not to enter any part of Palestine reserved for the Jewish state by the UN – proved a match for the Israelis, expelling them from the Old City of Jerusalem and, with the Iraqis, holding the West Bank. Fighting continued until January 1949 and later that year Israel signed a series of armistice agreements with the Arab combatant states other than Iraq. The Palestine war dramatically altered Transjordan’s population, in number and structure.
In 1947 London declared its intention of relinquishing its mandate and handed the problem it had created to the newlyformed United Nations. On 29 November 1947 the UN General Assembly voted to divide Palestine into Jewish and Arab states with Jerusalem and its environs, including Bethlehem, to have international status. The UN vote, forced through by US pressure on smaller countries, was blatantly unfair. It gave the Jews almost 60 per cent of Palestine, including the most fertile areas, at a time when they formed only 30 per cent of the population and owned less than 8 per cent of the land area.