By Florian Coulmas
Globalization has many faces. certainly one of them is the transformation of language regimes. This booklet offers an in-depth account of the way second-tier languages, jap and German, are laid low with this strategy. within the foreign enviornment, they not compete with English, yet their prestige of their domestic nations and as international languages in 3rd nations is in flux. unique empirical and theoretical contributions are provided during this updated examine of language regime swap. The desirability of a unmarried all-purpose language for all communique wishes is seldom puzzled. it truly is easily taken with no consideration in lots of complicated nations, reminiscent of Japan and the German-speaking nations. besides the fact that, it's not transparent even if German and jap can maintain their complete sensible capability if their very own audio system use those languages in yes domain names with reducing frequency. some great benefits of without borderlines conversation in one language, on one hand, and retaining hugely cultivated all-purpose languages, at the different, are noticeable. The query of even if and the way those rules will be reconciled within the age of globalization isn't. during this publication, top students current their solutions: Ulrich Ammon, Tessa Carroll, Nanette Gottlieb, Patrick Heinrich, Takao Katsuragi, John Maher, Kiyoshi Hara, Elmar Holenstein, Konrad Ehlich, Fumio Inoue, and Florian Coulmas.
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Additional resources for Language Regimes in Transformation: Future Prospects for German and Japanese in Science, Economy, and Politics (Contributions to the Sociology of Language 93)
Where Japan has made a solid attempt to foster English with its latest policies, it is because of the benefits English competence offers in terms of globalising its citizens (at least, if we accept the policy rhetoric) rather than because the local language is under any threat. The English-related arm of language policy, then, is well promoted and well resourced as part of Japan’s response to globalization. Little more than 44 Language policy in Japan 45 lip service, however, seems to have been paid to the teaching of other languages in the school sector, and this is not appropriate to a comprehensive language policy.
The memo-technical challenges 22 Monolingualism and plurilingualism 23 were upheld by the motivations resulting from the reasons for interacting, and were apparently readily mastered. Thus, a plurilingualism that was constituted in a constellation of linguistic group contact became an individual linguistic reality. 4. Loss of range The early modern development of languages, is characterised by a dual, contradictory development. On the one hand, a few languages possessing maximal communicative range are being starkly limited in their functions, and on the other hand, there is a permanent broadening of the communicative range of other languages.
In response to a request from the Minister of Education to work on this, the Subdivision on National Language of the Council for Cultural Affairs produced a report in 2004 setting out strategies to achieve these aims (Bunka Shingikai 2004). I turn now to three aspects of language in Japan where policy change is indicated by changing circumstances. 1. Increasing ethnic diversity “The biggest shift under the influence of globalization discourse”, (Canagarajah 2005: xx) reminds us, “is that the nation-state (the basic unit of language planning hitherto) is now of reduced relevance for such purposes.