By Julian Jackson
In Paris in 1954, a tender guy named André Baudry based Arcadie, a firm for “homophiles” that will turn into the biggest of its variety that has ever existed in France, lasting approximately thirty years. as well as performing because the purely public voice for French gays sooner than the explosion of radicalism of 1968, Arcadie—with its membership and review—was a social and highbrow hub, attracting help from members as varied as Jean Cocteau and Michel Foucault and supplying aid and cohesion to millions of remoted members. but regardless of its large value, Arcadie has principally disappeared from the ancient record.
The major reason behind this forget, Julian Jackson explains in Living in Arcadia, is that in the post-Stonewall period of queer activism, Baudry’s association fell into disfavor, brushed aside as conservative, conformist, and closeted. via vast archival learn and various interviews with the reclusive Baudry, Jackson demanding situations this reductive view, uncovering Arcadie’s pioneering efforts to coach the ecu public approximately homosexuality in an period of renewed repression. during concerning this soaking up historical past, Jackson bargains a startlingly unique account of the background of homosexuality in smooth France.
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Extra info for Living in Arcadia: Homosexuality, Politics, and Morality in France from the Liberation to AIDS
They have invaded everything: philosophy, arts, politics. . With the black market finished, these depraved youngsters, victims of the easy times of the Liberation, have sought in prostitution a logical continuation to the long list of scams that came out of the war. Pi er r e S ervez 2 1940: Blame It on Gide In May 1940 France was routed by Germany after a humiliating six-week military campaign. The French government signed an armistice that divided the country into two parts, an occupied zone centered upon Paris and a “free zone” with its capital at Vichy.
64 Homosexuality had been present in earlier volumes of Proust’s novel sequence, but now it assumed a central position. It loomed ever more in subsequent volumes where it comes to be manifested in so many characters that Proust seems close to sharing the view of his character the Baron de Charlus, who at one point claims that only about three out of ten men are truly heterosexual. Proust’s own vision of homosexuality was infl uenced by Ulrichs’s idea of the “third sex” of women’s souls trapped in men’s bodies, but his account is more than the illustration of a theory.
This rhetorical association of Resistance with virility was often accompanied by an identification of homosexuality with collaboration.