Download e-book for kindle: Modern Cost-Benefit Methods: An Introduction to Financial, by George Irvin (auth.)

By George Irvin (auth.)

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Extra resources for Modern Cost-Benefit Methods: An Introduction to Financial, Economic and Social Appraisal of Development Projects

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40 million, implying that either B could be undertaken, or alternatively A and C. Planners would clearly do better to choose A and C yielding a total NPV of D. 36) rather than B which yields only D. 08 million at a 10 percent discount rate. It should be apparent, however, that in this situation 10 percent is not an appropriate discount rate since it effectively 'passes' all three projects, more than can be accommodated given the capital constraint. Raising the discount rate to 20 percent would, on the other hand, leave us with surplus investment funds since projects A and B would have negative NPVs at this rate and would therefore be rejected.

36) rather than B which yields only D. 08 million at a 10 percent discount rate. It should be apparent, however, that in this situation 10 percent is not an appropriate discount rate since it effectively 'passes' all three projects, more than can be accommodated given the capital constraint. Raising the discount rate to 20 percent would, on the other hand, leave us with surplus investment funds since projects A and B would have negative NPVs at this rate and would therefore be rejected. 5 below.

Net operating Profit Before Tax 8. Company Tax 9. 7. 2. 0 1012 Material Requirements 2. 2 Aluminium Operating Expenses Details 4. 8 Sample Financial Balance Sheet Item Year 0 2 3 1. 1. 2 Accum. ) 1600 400 1200 4000 4000 0 3200 800 400 2000 3200 4000 800 6400 1200 2000 3200 2000 4000 2000 7200 1200 2800 3200 800 4000 3200 360 2. 4 Securities a. b. c. d. 280 Year 2 0 0 0 0 280 120 120 0 160 0 0 - 280 2800 1600 1200 2520 2520 0 This column records liquidation of project at end of year 3. This row contains the cash flow required for calculating the project's financial rate of return.

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