By Sandeep Kumar Shukla, R. Iris Bahar
One of many grand demanding situations within the nano-scopic computing period is promises of robustness. powerful computing process layout is faced with quantum actual, probabilistic, or even organic phenomena, and ensuring excessive reliability is far tougher than ever earlier than. Scaling units all the way down to the extent of unmarried electron operation will bring about new demanding situations because of probabilistic results and uncertainty in ensuring 'zero-one' dependent computing. Minuscule units suggest billions of units on a unmarried chip, that may aid mitigate the problem of uncertainty through replication and redundancy. even though, such gadget densities will create a layout and validation nightmare with the shear scale.
The questions that confront machine engineers in regards to the present prestige of nanocomputing fabric and the reliability of structures outfitted from such miniscule units, are tough to articulate and solution. we've got stumbled on an absence of assets within the confines of a unmarried quantity that no less than in part makes an attempt to respond to those questions.
We think that this quantity features a great amount of study fabric in addition to new rules that may be very precious for a few one beginning examine within the area of nanocomputing, now not on the equipment point, however the difficulties one could face at process point layout and validation whilst nanoscopic physicality might be current on the machine point.
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Extra info for Nano, Quantum And Molecular Computing
A carbon nanotube can be visualized as a sheet of graphene rolled up in a direction given by the chiral vector. 6) where, aˆ1 and aˆ2 are the unit vectors along a1 a1 and a1 respectively. This chiral vector (m,n) speciﬁes most of the electronic properties of the nanotube as would be evident subsequently. 9) and dR is the highest common divisor of (2m+n) and (2n+m). 11) where, u is an integer. It can be observed that Eq. 11 represents a series of lines in the kx − ky plane and if (m-n)/3 is an integer then one of these lines pass through (0, ±2π/3).
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