By Kyung-Ae Park
North Korea’s international coverage habit has lengthy intrigued students, questioned laymen, annoyed negotiators, and annoyed policy-makers. This publication brings jointly the paintings of ten of the world’s most advantageous students and major specialists on North Korea to severely examine the major elements and concerns which are shaping North Korea’s overseas coverage habit and its destiny direction. Witnessing the swift alterations in North Korea’s international coverage setting, the members to this quantity study the results for Pyongyang’s overseas coverage of the family demanding situations posed by means of the altering nationwide identification and beliefs, people’s exiting of the rustic, monetary stagnation, and the military-first politics. additionally they provide perception into the effect of assorted exterior demanding situations on North Korea’s international coverage, akin to China ‘rising,’ multilateralism, and management adjustments within the usa and South Korea, and asses Pyongyang’s concepts for dealing with those challenges.
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Extra resources for New Challenges of North Korean Foreign Policy
S. consent. However, there is no trust. North Korea suspects that Washington’s strategy is first disarmament followed by an attack on a defenseless enemy, along the line of Iraq, prepared by attempts at destabilizing the regime economically and ideologically. The nuclear weapons program is presented, against this background, as the only available counterstrategy. It is now harder than ever to find signs of readiness on the part of North Korea to give up this program any time soon, although an exit is still kept open by referring to a complete denuclearization of the peninsula on the basis of equal rights between North Korea and the Unites States.
A first attempt was made in 1984, when the first Joint Venture law aimed at increasing economic cooperation with Japan, although its target group was mostly ethnic Koreans. After many secret talks, by September 2002 Prime Minister Koizumi visited Pyongyang, held the first-ever summit with a North Korean leader, and achieved what can only be termed as highly unusual, showing the enormous readiness of North Korea to be pragmatic and risk-taking at that time. Kim Jong Il not only admitted that Japanese citizens had indeed been abducted in the 1970s but also allowed five survivors to return to Japan.
We should not forget that the true believers in socialist societies, especially, used to write angry petitions to the higher levels when they discovered grave deviations between theory and reality. We have no reason to expect that this would have been any different in North Korea. Reports from the provinces must have been f looding Pyongyang, telling about new kinds of crimes, growing dissatisfaction of losers, and reckless behavior by winners. Local functionaries were frustrated by all the anger directed at them, and some will have passed it on to the higher levels, alerting the leaders in Pyongyang to the damage they had inf licted upon their legitimacy.