By Sameh K. Morcos, Richard H. Cohan
This accomplished reference discusses using ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and radioisotopes within the imaging of the grownup and pediatric urinary tract. With contributions through top professionals within the box, this resource covers a wide range of uroradiological subject matters starting from using MRI or multislice CT in urography to image-guided ablation of renal tumours.
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Extra resources for New Techniques in Uroradiology
Reflux is diagnosed when microbubbles are detected in the ureter or the renal pelvis. The results show good correlation with conventional micturating cystourethrogram and with radionuclide studies (39–42). The major disadvantage of contrast-specific destructive modes is that intermittent scanning with a limited number of insonations is needed to minimize bubble destruction. Hence, prolonged evaluation of contrast enhancement cannot be performed. This limitation can be overcome by performing nondestructive low–acoustic Figure 7 Small cystic renal tumor (2 cm).
52. Bell TV, Fenlon HM, Davison BD, Ahari HK, Hussain S. Unenhanced helical CT criteria to differentiate distal ureteral calculi from pelvic phleboliths. Radiology 1998; 207:363–367. 32 Hartman et al. 53. Guest AR, Cohan RH, Korobkin M, et al. Assessment of the clinical utility of the rim and comet-tail signs in differentiating ureteral stones from phleboliths. AJR 2001; 177:1285–1291. 54. Boridy IC, Nikolaidis P, Kawashima A, Goldman SM, Sandler CM. Ureterolithiasis: value of the tail sign in differentiating phleboliths from ureteral calculi at nonenhanced helical CT.
Matrix stone. J Comput Assist Tomogr 2003; 27:810–813. 68. Blake SP, McNicholas MM, Raptopoulos V. Nonopaque crystal deposition causing ureteric obstruction in patients with HIV undergoing indinavir therapy [see comment]. AJR 1998; 171:717–720. 69. Bani Hani AH, Segura JW, LeRoy AJ. Urinary matrix calculi: our experience at a single institution. J Urol 2005; 173:120–123. 70. Williams JC Jr, Saw KC, Paterson RF, et al. Variability of renal stone fragility in shock wave lithotripsy. Urology 2003; 61:1092–1096; discussion 1097.