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By Charles King

Italian retailers, Greek freedom opponents, and Turkish seamen; a Russian empress and her favourite soldier-bureaucrats; Jewish tavern keepers, investors, and journalists—these and so forth looking fortune and experience rubbed shoulders in Odessa, the best port at the Black Sea.

Here a dream of cosmopolitan freedom encouraged geniuses and innovators, from Alexander Pushkin and Isaac Babel to Zionist activist Vladimir Jabotinsky and immunologist Ilya Mechnikov. but the following too used to be dying on a magnificent scale: not just the insidious plagues universal to seaports but additionally the mass homicide of Jews conducted via the Romanian career in the course of international battle II. Drawing on a wealth of unique resource fabric, Odessa is an elegy for the colourful, multicultural tapestry of which a thriving Jewish inhabitants shaped a vital half, in addition to a party of the survival of Odessa's dream in a diaspora achieving the entire approach to Brighton seashore.

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Extra resources for Odessa: Genius and Death in a City of Dreams

Sample text

Patriotism, citizenship and nation-building The word ‘patriotism’ frequently recurs throughout this volume in relation to men and women, civilians as well as soldiers. 95 Patriotism could be expressed in relation to republics or monarchies, nations or multinational empires, with reference to a region or even a locality. Patriotic ideas influenced military as well as civilian discourses and practices. The terms ‘citizen’ and ‘citizenship’ have also been widely used in this book. They are often employed to indicate the formal relationship of individuals to the state, based on voting rights and rights of representation.

The denial of this by planters in the French colonies brought uprisings by the free coloured population in 1790 and by slaves in 1791. The grant of emancipation in 1793 by the abolitionist French Commissioner in Saint-Domingue preceded the French National Convention’s grant of emancipation to slaves in 1794. The hopes this generated for slaves and free coloured populations across the Caribbean were encouraged by the French, who sought to spread rebellion to the British, Spanish and Dutch islands.

Celebrations also drew upon a vision of the nation as a family. In Prussia, during the wars of 1813-15, the monarchy introduced a wide range of patriotic events and festivities that involved the public as a whole in clearly gendered ways; from the paternal monarch downwards, every subject was integrated according to their class, gender and age. 110 Through such cultural politics even conservative monarchies such as Prussia tried to exploit patriotic feelings to strengthen identification with the state and foster willingness to fight and sacrifice for the nation.

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