By Alison Brysk
Globalization pushes humans ''out of place''--across borders, out of traditions, into markets, and clear of the rights of nationwide citizenship. yet globalization additionally contributes to the unfold of overseas human rights principles and associations. This e-book analyzes the impression of those contradictory developments, with a spotlight on weak teams equivalent to migrants, workers, ladies, and youngsters. Theoretical essays by way of Richard Falk, Ronnie Lipschutz, Aihwa Ong, and Saskia Sassen reconsider the moving nature of citizenship. This assortment advances the talk on globalization, human rights, and the which means of citizenship.
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Additional resources for People Out of Place: Globalization, Human Rights and the Citizenship Gap
Periods of prosperity create as many, if not more, demands for controls on immigration as do periods of economic recession or stagnation. This occurs because it is during the former that the demand for labor is high, that domestic labor pools are unable to meet the demand, that migrants are more likely to move in search of employment in host countries, and that the cultural impacts of immigrants are likely to become most visible (Sassen 1999: ch. 7; Harris 2002: 98–104). These days, prosperity seems as likely as recession to engender anti-immigrant legislation.
But this trend may have been an illusory one. As we have seen in more recent decades in the United States, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and most of Europe and Asia, with new patterns of migration and immigration and growing ﬁscal stringencies, full inclusion has become very controversial. In simpliﬁed terms, citizenship can be understood as an individual’s entitlement to participate in some aspects of the state’s establishment and maintenance of authority (this participation is what we conventionally call “politics”), and to receive protection for one’s self and property, in return for an obligation to commit one’s body, property, and taxes to the state in times of national need.
Those governments seen as consistent violators of the human rights of citizens are under constant pressure to fulﬁll the terms of the Lockean social contract. To a growing degree, the practice of political conditionality makes the availability of international ﬁnancial funds contingent upon fulﬁllment of those terms. The Economic Bases of Human Rights The conventional story tells us that citizenship and human rights are political entitlements, having emerged through a historical and somewhat teleological process of political development, and culminating in democratization and the modern citizen.