Download e-book for iPad: Philosophy of Science and Psychiatry by Rachel Cooper

By Rachel Cooper

Psychiatry and Philosophy of technological know-how explores conceptual concerns in psychiatry from the viewpoint of analytic philosophy of technological know-how. via an exam of these beneficial properties of psychiatry that distinguish it from different sciences - for instance, its contested subject material, its specific modes of rationalization, its a number of varied theoretical frameworks, and its examine hyperlinks with gigantic enterprise - Rachel Cooper explores the various many conceptual, metaphysical and epistemological concerns that come up in psychiatry. She exhibits how those pose fascinating demanding situations for the thinker of technology whereas additionally exhibiting how rules from the philosophy of technological know-how may also help to resolve conceptual difficulties inside of psychiatry. Cooper's dialogue levels over such issues because the nature of psychological health problems, the remedy judgements and diagnostic different types of psychiatry, the case-history as a sort of rationalization, how psychiatry may be value-laden, the declare that psychiatry is a multi-paradigm technology, the distortion of psychiatric study by means of pharmaceutical industries, in addition to enticing with the elemental query no matter if the brain is reducible to whatever on the actual point. "Psychiatry and Philosophy of technological know-how" demonstrates that cross-disciplinary touch among philosophy of technological know-how and psychiatry will be immensely effective for either matters and it'll be required analyzing for psychological future health execs and philosophers alike

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Example text

In the case of animals, the Aristotelian account claims that for each species there is a characteristic life cycle. So, in the 35 psychiatry and philosophy of science case of the frog, for example, it is characteristic that frog spawn hatches into tadpoles, which develop into frogs, which eventually produce more frog spawn. A good organism has all the biological equipment it needs to live successfully in the ways characteristic of its kind. So a good frog has a sticky tongue so that it can catch flies, and is attractive to frogs of the opposite sex.

Conditions that cause “action failure” are thus the proper concern of medicine. Fulford also recognizes that many illnesses are characterized by various unwelcome sensations – pains, dizziness, nausea and so on – rather than by direct “failures of action”. Fulford thinks he can accommodate these illnesses in his action-based account. He says that in these cases people find themselves unable to act so as to stop a sensation that they would normally do something about. For example, normally when people are in pain they move away from the cause, but in the case of pain that indicates that they are ill they cannot do this.

What does he mean? …” (quoted in Laing 1965: 29) Kraepelin takes the patient’s utterances to be symptomatic. In Kraepelin’s view the patient has “not given us a single piece of useful information”. : 30). Laing thinks otherwise. He applies the principle of charity and takes the patient to be protesting against being questioned in front of an audience of students. To Laing’s ears the patient is “objecting to being measured and tested. : 31). Whether one applies the principle of charity produces a gestalt shift in the way in which we perceive the speech.

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