By April Carter
This ebook offers a entire evaluate of the that means of cosmopolitanism and international citizenship within the historical past of Western political inspiration, and within the evolution of foreign politics when you consider that 1500.Providing a useful evaluate of past political proposal, contemporary theoretical literature and present debates, this ebook additionally discusses contemporary advancements in foreign politics and transnational protest. it will likely be of serious curiosity to these specialising in political thought, diplomacy and peace/conflict reports. it is going to additionally curiosity these already appearing as worldwide voters.
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Extra info for Political Theory of Global Citizenship (Routledge Innovations in Political Theory)
50 This is linked to his belief in the role of religion in underpinning morality. Grotius was deeply concerned with promoting peace within the state and preventing unnecessary and brutal wars between Christian states – this is scarcely surprising during the Thirty Years wars of religion. 51 Unlike Lipsius, he did not look towards a united Europe to promote peace, being sceptical about the role of empires. As a Protestant he rejected aspirations of the kind voiced by Campanella to achieve European unity under Papal influence.
Rights of man and rejecting slavery The link between identifying oneself as a world citizen transcending state boundaries and believing that all members of the human race are fundamentally equal goes back, as we have seen, to the Stoics. Even if the philosophes as world citizens identified themselves as an enlightened few, this is associated with a responsibility for asserting the fundamental humanity of all. In Paine’s Rights of Man (1791), cosmopolitanism takes on a strongly egalitarian perspective and an emphasis on the universal nature of rights.
Voltaire’s belief in tolerance, for example, is undermined by his sometimes vehemently anti-Jewish remarks – a contemporary Portuguese Jew, Isaac Pinto, an admirer of Voltaire, wrote to him to protest. 10 Less surprisingly, the advocates of universal rights were not so certain about the rights of women. Although many of the philosophes supported the higher education of 36 Enlightenment cosmopolitanism women, Diderot and Kant specifically denied women intellectual and social equality. The approach used in this chapter is to examine the key concepts and beliefs central to the Enlightenment that have a bearing on cosmopolitanism and world citizenship.