Read e-book online Process Intensification Technologies for Biodiesel PDF

By Anton Alexandru Kiss

This e-book is likely one of the first to handle the unconventional technique intensification applied sciences for biodiesel creation, particularly the built-in reactive separations. It presents a finished evaluation illustrated with many industrially proper examples of novel reactive separation methods utilized in the construction of biodiesel (e.g. fatty acid alkyl esters): reactive distillation, reactive absorption, reactive extraction, membrane reactors, and centrifugal touch separators. Readers also will know about the operating rules, layout and keep watch over of built-in strategies, whereas additionally getting a appropriate and glossy evaluate of the method intensification possibilities for biodiesel synthesis.

Biodiesel is a biodegradable and renewable gas that at present enjoys a lot recognition. regardless of the hot advances, the present biodiesel methods nonetheless be afflicted by difficulties linked to using homogeneous catalysts (e.g. salt waste streams) and the most important boundaries imposed by way of the chemical response equilibrium, hence resulting in serious fiscal and environmental consequences. the mixing of response and separation into one working unit overcomes equilibrium boundaries and offers key merits similar to low capital funding and working expenses. a lot of those procedures will be extra better via heat-integration and powered by means of heterogeneous catalysts, to put off all traditional catalyst similar operations, utilizing the uncooked fabrics successfully and the response quantity, whereas supplying excessive conversion and selectivity, and demanding power savings.

The precise viewers of this e-book contains either academia (students and researchers) and (project leaders, know-how managers, researchers, biodiesel manufacturers, and gear suppliers).

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Extra resources for Process Intensification Technologies for Biodiesel Production: Reactive Separation Processes

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Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng 15:911–916. ) for methyl ester production and its potential use as bio lubricant. Industr Crops Prod 43:283–290. 010 Malone MF, Huss RS, Doherty MF (2003) Green chemical engineering aspects of reactive distillation. Environ Sci Technol 37:5325–5329. 1021/es034467w McFarlane J, Tsouris C, Birdwell JF, Schuh DL, Jennings HL, Palmer Boitrago AM, Terpstra SM (2010) Production of biodiesel at the kinetic limit in a centrifugal reactor/separator. Industr Eng Chem Res 49:3160–3169.

Fuel 95:352–359. 064 Kuramochi H, Maeda K, Kato S, Osako M, Nakamura K, Sakai S (2009) Application of UNIFAC models for prediction of vapor-liquid and liquid-liquid equilibria relevant to separation and purification processes of crude biodiesel fuel. Fuel 88:1472–1477. 017 Morad NA, Mustafa Kamal MAA, Panau F, Yew TW (2000) Liquid specific heat capacity estimation for fatty acids, triacylglycerols, and vegetable oils based on their fatty acid composition. J Am Oil Chem Soc 77:1001–1005. 1007/s11746-000-0158-6 Ndiaye PM, Franceschi E, Oliveira D, Dariva C, Tavares FW, Oliveira JV (2006) Phase behavior of soybean oil, castor oil and their fatty acid ethyl esters in carbon dioxide at high pressures.

The production of fatty esters by reactive distillation was proposed for all sort of alcohols—ranging from methanol, ethanol, propanol to 2-ethyl hexanol (Steinigeweg and Gmehling 2003; von Scala et al. 2003; Omota et al. 2003a, b; Kiss A. A.

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