By Margo Thomas, Vesna Bojicic-Dzelilovic
Developing and ‘transition’ economies face myriad demanding situations of their makes an attempt to accomplish and keep political balance and foster the commercial development crucial for nationwide safeguard, the social healthiness of present voters and sustainable environments for destiny generations. Governments within the Western Balkans have striven to accomplish the entire above, and this quantity assesses the character in their reviews in addition to the extent in their good fortune in doing so. that includes particular case reports of public coverage reforms within the zone in addition to comparative research on more than a few signs, the e-book analyzes the position of key gamers in surroundings the political time table in addition to enforcing coverage reforms. It additionally distils the teachings that may be discovered from the Western Balkan event, recommending recommendations for reinforcing the coverage making technique. additionally, it examines the developmental function performed via the entire spectrum of coverage actors, together with the non-public region, NGOs, unique curiosity groupings, overseas monetary associations, donor countries and the EU.
Each case examine has been ready by means of teachers with deep wisdom and adventure of the western Balkans and addresses a middle set of questions: settling on the coverage factor and its broader context, defining the jobs of particular members in formulating coverage and reform and assessing the impression of networks and coalitions within the coverage making strategy. With so little targeted literature on public coverage making in a bunch of countries strategically situated among Europe, Russia and the close to East, the designated insights supplied through this quantity may be extensively welcomed.
Our booklet offers case experiences of particular public coverage reform episodes in chosen Western Balkan post-conflict and transition nations. the focal point of those case reviews extends past the technical points and involves significant exam of the coverage actors, constituencies and politics that eventually form the coverage that emerges from the coverage making strategy. This research attracts classes for strengthening the standard of regulations, the transparency, consistency, and governance of the coverage making procedure and finally for contributing to monetary and social improvement of the region.
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Extra resources for Public Policy Making in the Western Balkans: Case Studies of Selected Economic and Social Policy Reforms
In a way, the differences between political parties have disappeared in the field of social security. In addition, social policy reforms have been carried out primarily under pressure from the elites or under the influence of the World Bank and IMF, and later the EU (Vidović and Pauković 2011; Deacon and Stubbs 2007). Macedonia has weak state institutions, a highly centralised government with poorly developed democratic principles, and a widespread system of patronage used for electoral purposes, including the distribution of key resources and positions to loyal actors.
24 Arandarenko and Krstić (2008). 23 2 Shaping Social Policies in the Western Balkans: Legal and Institutional Changes… 27 (Babović 2011). It is evident that the primary function of employment services is to register the unemployed and determine their rights to unemployment benefits and health insurance; however, provision of services such as vocational guidance, counselling, implementation of active measures is underdeveloped (MCP 2010, 26). In most countries in the region, privatisation of employment mediation has not taken significant effect.
Or should we start at the other end and determine the extent to which responsibility for social security is transferred to an individual, who is expected to be extremely proactive and resourceful in key aspects of social participation, while the state acts as a background actor to define requirements, and intervenes only when individuals fail to ‘take care of themselves on their own’. Within the same framework there is also the issue of social security costs—whether those costs are largely borne by the state or by an individual, and to what extent?